FACTORS AFFECTING LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
- May 15, 2020
- Posted by: Course Techin
- Category: Uncategorized
From studies carried out by psychologists, the following factors are generally believed to affect language development.
- Sex: Girls are in most cases superior to boys in vocabulary, pronunciation as well as the amount of speech produced up to about age
- Family Size and Structure: If the family size is too large, parents and elders might not have sufficient time to talk with the children. In such a case, the language development of the children might be
- Social Class: Due to such things as feeding, facilities, and the general environment, children from the lower class are likely to have poorer vocabularies, more difficulties in reading, and poorer articulation than middle class
- Deprivation of Opportunity to Talk with Adults: It has been emphasized in this course that the early years are very critical for the overall development of the child. A child who is deprived of communicating with adults either due to being hospitalized or put in an orphanage is likely to develop language skills relatively slower than his counterparts that do not experience such
- Bilingualism.: As you will see later in this unit, bilingualism can affect language development. Children who are brought up in homes where two languages are spoken at the same time stand the risk of getting one language interfering in the other. For instance, if the mother tongue is dominant, ability to speak say English will be adversely
THE NATIONAL POLICY
- Which language should be used?
This document clearly states that in the primary school years every Nigerian child will learn his mother tongue and English. It is possible that if his mother tongue, that is the first language used in his home is not the language spoken in the area, he will also learn the language spoken in the area. So, clearly every Nigerian child is expected to be, at least, bilingual. He should speak more than one language. If he speaks and understands two languages he is bilingual. If he speaks and understands many, he is multilingual. (Bi – refers to two, multi – refers to many).
ii. At what level and in which classes should the different languages be taught?
The National Policy on Education states that every child should start his education in primary one every subject should be taught in the child’s mother tongue or is introduced as the language of instruction. In some states, the children learn in their mother tongue or their local language until primary three or four and then they make the change to English.
iii. Why does the National Policy allow two languages, English and the other tongue to be used?
The idea is that since English is the official language, every child who has gone to school should be able to use it. When children speak English, they can communicate with more of their country men and women especially those who do not speak the child’s mother tongue. As you know, when you speak someone’s language a special bond tends to be created between the two of you. Also the mother tongue is taught as a way of preserving and promoting our culture.
NTI, (2000), NCE/DLS Course Book on Education, Cycle I, National Teachers’ Institute, Kaduna.
Santrock John, W. (2001), Educational Psychology, The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc.
Siann, Gerda and Ugwuegbu, (1980) Educational Psychology in a Changing World, George Allen and Unwin.